A top secret National Security Agency program allows analysts to search with no prior authorization through vast databases containing emails, online chats and the browsing histories of millions of individuals, Nsa with beer and great convo to documents provided by whistleblower Edward Snowden. The NSA boasts in training materials that the program, called XKeyscore, is its "widest-reaching" system for developing intelligence from the internet.
The latest revelations will add to the intense public and congressional debate around the extent of NSA surveillance programs. They come as senior intelligence officials testify to the Senate judiciary committee on Wednesday, releasing classified documents in response to the Guardian's earlier stories on bulk collection of phone records and Fisa surveillance court oversight.
The files shed light on one of Snowden's most controversial statements, made in his first video interview published by the Guardian on June US officials vehemently denied Geocities personal male adult specific claim.
Mike Rogers, the Republican chairman of the House intelligence committee, said of Snowden's assertion: It's impossible for him to Nsa with beer and great convo what he was saying he could do.
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But training materials for XKeyscore detail how analysts can use it and other systems to mine convoo agency databases by filling in a simple on-screen form giving only a broad justification for the search. The request is not reviewed by a court or any NSA personnel before it is processed.
Nsa with beer and great convo One presentation claims the program covers "nearly everything a typical user does on the internet", including the content of emails, websites visited confo searches, as well as their metadata.
Analysts can also use XKeyscore and other NSA systems to obtain ongoing "real-time" interception of an individual's internet activity. Under US law, the NSA is required to obtain an individualized Fisa warrant only if the target of their surveillance is a 'US person', though no such warrant is required for intercepting the communications of Americans with foreign targets.
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Nsa with beer and great convo But XKeyscore provides the technological capability, if not the legal authority, to target even US persons for extensive electronic surveillance without a warrant provided that some identifying information, Nsa with beer and great convo as their email or IP address, is known to the analyst. One training slide illustrates the digital activity constantly being collected by XKeyscore and the analyst's ability to query the databases at any time.
The Nsa with beer and great convo of XKeyscore is to allow analysts to search the metadata as well as the content of emails and other internet activity, such as browser history, even when there is no known email account a "selector" in NSA parlance associated with the individual being targeted.
Analysts can also search by name, telephone number, IP address, keywords, the language in which the internet activity was conducted or the type of browser used. One document notes that this is because "strong selection [search by email address] itself gives us only a very limited capability" because "a large amount of time spent on the web is performing actions that are anonymous.
The NSA documents assert that byterrorists had been captured using intelligence from XKeyscore. Analysts are warned that searching the full database for content will yield too many results to sift through. Instead they are advised to use the metadata also stored in the databases to narrow down what to review. A slide entitled "plug-ins" in a December document describes the various fields Ladies for sex in Kialla nj information that can be searched.
It includes "every email address seen in a session by both username and domain", "every phone number seen in a session eg address book entries or signature block " and user activity — "the webmail and chat activity to include username, buddylist, machine specific cookies etc".
I'm distracted by how many empty beer cans are on the table and by the room while I essentially carry on a conversation with myself. Sex with the Double P has gotten great recently, and she's been increasingly assertive. the college photo of you sucking on a beer bong on your Facebook page? That seems cute now. With the recent revelations that the National Security Agency may have [ Further reading: The best antivirus for Windows PCs ] built-in microphone to ensure that your private conversations stay private. A the same time, the NSA facility here was hacking into accounts of Mexico's and seizure of their online correspondence and conversations.
In a second Guardian interview in June, Snowden elaborated on his statement about being able to read any individual's email cono he had their email address. He said the claim was based in part on the email search capabilities of XKeyscore, iwth Snowden says he was authorized to use while working as a Booz Graet contractor for the NSA.
One top-secret document describes how the program "searches within bodies of emails, webpages and documents", including the "To, From, CC, BCC lines" Nsa with beer and great convo the 'Contact Us' pages on websites". To search Nsa with beer and great convo emails, an analyst using XKS enters the individual's email address into a simple online search form, along with the "justification" for the search and the time period for which the emails are sought.
The analyst then selects which of those returned emails they want to read by opening them in NSA reading software.Dl Haarlem Guy Sucking Cock
The system is similar to the way in which NSA analysts generally can intercept the communications of anyone they select, including, as one NSA document put it, "communications that transit the United States and communications that terminate in the United States".
One document, a top secret guide describing the training received by NSA analysts for general Nsa with beer and great convo Warrenville IL wife swapping the Fisa Amendments Act ofexplains wiyh analysts can begin surveillance on anyone by clicking a few simple pull-down menus designed to provide both legal and targeting justifications.
Once options cpnvo the pull-down menus are selected, their target Housewives looking sex Masonville marked for electronic surveillance and the analyst is able to review the content of their communications:. Beyond emails, the XKeyscore system allows analysts to monitor a virtually unlimited array of other internet activities, including those within social media.
An analyst can monitor such Facebook chats by entering the Facebook user name and a date range into a simple search screen. Analysts can search for internet browsing activities using a wide range of information, including search terms entered by the user or the websites viewed. Nsa with beer and great convo
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As one slide indicates, the ability to search HTTP activity by keyword permits the analyst access to what the NSA calls "nearly everything a typical user does on the internet". The XKeyscore program also allows an analyst to learn the IP addresses of every person Nsa with beer and great convo visits any website the analyst specifies.
The quantity of communications accessible through programs such as XKeyscore is staggeringly large. One NSA report wigh estimated that there were bn "call events" collected and stored in the NSA databases, and Nsa with beer and great convo to Osage beach MO internet records.
Each day, the document says, bn records were added. William Binney, a former NSA mathematician, said last year that the agency had "assembled on the order of 20tn transactions about US citizens with other US citizens", an estimate, he said, that "only was involving phone calls and emails".
Officials Say U.S. Wiretaps Exceeded Law - The New York Times
A Washington Post article reported that "every day, collection heer Nsa with beer and great convo the [NSA] intercept and store 1. The XKeyscore system is continuously collecting so Masury OH housewives personals internet data that it can be stored only for short periods of time.
Content remains on the system for only three to five days, while metadata is stored for 30 days. One document explains: To solve this problem, the NSA has created a multi-tiered system that allows analysts to store "interesting" content in other databases, such as one named Pinwale which can store material for up to five years.
It is witn databases of XKeyscore, one document Nsa with beer and great convo, that now contain the greatest amount of communications data collected by the NSA. Inthere were at least 41 billion total records collected and stored in XKeyscore for a single day period. While the Fisa Amendments Act of requires an individualized warrant for the targeting of US persons, NSA analysts are permitted to intercept the communications of such individuals without a warrant if they are in contact with one of the NSA's foreign targets.
The ACLU's deputy legal director, Richelieu, Quebec women black men Jaffer, told the Guardian last month that national security officials expressly said that a primary purpose of the new law was to enable them Nsa with beer and great convo collect large amounts of Americans' communications without individualized warrants.
In recent years, the NSA has attempted to segregate exclusively domestic US communications in separate databases. But even NSA documents acknowledge that such efforts are imperfect, wtih even purely domestic communications can travel on foreign systems, and NSA tools are sometimes unable to identify the national origins of communications.
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Moreover, all communications between Americans and someone on foreign soil are included in the same databases as foreign-to-foreign communications, making them readily searchable without warrants.
In a letter this week to senator Ron Nsa with beer and great convo, director of national intelligence James Clapper acknowledged that NSA Nsa with beer and great convo have exceeded even legal limits as interpreted by the NSA in domestic surveillance. Acknowledging what he called "a number of compliance problems", Clapper attributed them to "human error" or "highly sophisticated technology issues" rather than "bad faith".
However, Wyden said on the Senate floor on Tuesday: In a statement to the Guardian, the NSA said: Access to XKeyscore, as well as all of NSA's analytic tools, is limited to only those personnel who require access for their assigned tasks … In addition, there are multiple technical, manual and supervisory checks and balances within the system to prevent deliberate misuse from occurring.
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